Castle

The question of how exactly to define the term 'castle' is a vexed one, and only a brief sketch can be given here. The great stone structures familiar today are late developments of the ditch surrounding a mound of earth on the top of which was a stronghold found in France in the 9c. The mound was known as a *'motte'; the stronghold or *donjon was within the *bailey. This *'motte and bailey' template became widespread in Europe in the 11c. There is some contention over the first appearance of a castle in England, centred on structures apparently built by Normans during Edward the Confessor's reign and on the nature of English lordly residences in the pre-Conquest period. The Normans began building castles in England after 1066; most were built of earth and timber in the first instance. William I was responsible for the Tower of London; orig. a simple enclosure but finished by William II towards the end of the 11c. Castles allowed a lord living accommodation while being able to dominate the surrounding area; they also, of course, provided a defence against enemies. They became the sign and military instrument of Norman lordship in England. Over the next two centuries building techniques improved, allowing ever greater and stronger buildings and *curtain walls.
Moats surrounded the *enceinte; *machicolation and *loopholes appeared allowing the defenders more fire-power.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Castle — (englisch für „Burg“ und „Rochieren“) ist der Beiname zahlreicher Gebäude im englischsprachigen Raum eine US amerikanische Fernsehserie aus dem Jahr 2009, siehe Castle (Fernsehserie) der Name eines Geysirs in den Vereinigten Staten, siehe Castle… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Castle — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Castle Título Castle Género Acción, Drama Creado por Andrew W. Marlowe Reparto Nathan Fillion Stana Katic Ruben Santiago Hudson Jon Huertas Seamus Dever …   Wikipedia Español

  • Castle — Cas tle, n. [AS. castel, fr. L. castellum, dim. of castrum a fortified place, castle.] 1. A fortified residence, especially that of a prince or nobleman; a fortress. [1913 Webster] The house of every one is to him castle and fortress, as well for …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • castle — [kas′əl, käs′əl] n. [ME < OE & Anglo Fr castel < L castellum, dim. of castrum, fort] 1. a large building or group of buildings fortified with thick walls, battlements, and often a moat; castles were the strongholds of noblemen in the Middle …   English World dictionary

  • Castle — Cas tle, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Castled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Castling}.] (Chess) To move the castle to the square next to king, and then the king around the castle to the square next beyond it, for the purpose of covering the king. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Castle — Castle, OK U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 122 Housing Units (2000): 58 Land area (2000): 0.176491 sq. miles (0.457110 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.176491 sq. miles (0.457110 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Castle, OK — U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 122 Housing Units (2000): 58 Land area (2000): 0.176491 sq. miles (0.457110 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.176491 sq. miles (0.457110 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • castle — (n.) late O.E. castel, from O.N.Fr. castel (O.Fr. chastel, 12c.; Mod.Fr. cháteau), from L. castellum fortified village, dim. of castrum fort; cognate with O.Ir. cather, Welsh caer town (and perhaps related to castrare cut off ). This word had… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Castle of Tó — Castle Tóh is a small castle which is situated in the square of events to Parnaíba.Foi built decades ago and there is the main crest of the family Dias da Silva …   Wikipedia

  • Castle [1] — Castle (engl., spr. Käßl), Schloß, Burg …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Castle [2] — Castle, Edmund, s. Castell …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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